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Flip Book

In this activity you will produce a hand drawn animation sequence using paper "flip" cards. This will help you to understand how animation was first done and introduce you to the concept of visual motion and planning.

Using the story board template, sketch 10-12 scenes of a proposed animation sequence.

Next, obtain 10-12 pieces of card stock that are 3"x4". Use coloured pencils and rules to draw neatly with.

Attach the book together using a staple. Cut the bottom left corner of the book using staggered diagonal cuts to make flipping through the animation easier.

TODO: insert scan of project sheet


 Class    Class Work Teaching Notes
 1 Students will hear about the project and look at flip books made by other classes. Students will think about a concept and start a storyboard.  Introduce flip book.
  • Low-tech animation is follows a similar process to digital animation.
  • Look at project exemplars - discuss what works well and where some problems are
  • Hand out storyboards and project sheet
 Discuss process
  • concept must be simple and achievable
  • storyboard will be used to rough out idea
  • key frames - drawing first and last and then mid point frames first
  • tweening - filling in in-between frames after
 2 Work on/complete storyboard. Have teacher check it. Start drawing on cards. Discuss project rubric. Input from students on level 3s and 4s.

 Re-iterate process - key frames and tweens.

 Re-iterate pitfalls:
  • animation must not try to move too far, must be small changes to be smooth
  • background must stay stationary, ie. no "camera panning"
  • flip book can only really achieve a single "scene"
 Show students video where animator flips back and forth to check their work - 

 3 Complete flip book cards.  Review rubric.
  Have students get up and look at each others work.

 4Half a period to complete books (if needed).

 Share books with your group. Spend 2-3 minutes telling your group members:
  • how you came up with your concept
  • what you think worked well
  • what you think was a challenge or you would do differently next time
Mark your group members presentations. Include one comment either about something specific you liked or a constructive idea about how something could be improved.

 Hand out rubrics

Have students mark each others presentations.

If time allows mark flip books in class with student.


 Item 1 2 3 4
 Concept and drawing   Good use of a background, characters and/or other elements. Excellent use that includes most of/all of: background, developed characters (no stick people) and another visual element. 
 Smooth motion   Smooth transitions between frames Very smooth transitions between frames
 Assembly    Nicely cut corners (for easy flipping). Cover page with title and name.
 Presentation - presented to group, self and peer-marked   Good presentation that contained most of the level 4 points. Excellent presentation that contained all of:
  • description of how concept was decided
  • what worked well in the book
  • things that would be changes or challenges

James Cordiner,
Sep 8, 2011, 7:50 AM